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JHSC Requirements, Meetings, Inspections & More.

If you regularly employ 20 or more employees, if your organization has a designated substance to which a worker may be exposed, or if the Ministry of Labour has issued an order to have a JHSC, then you are required to have a Joint Health and Safety Committee (JHSC). Learn how a JHSC helps to identify workplace hazards and health and safety recommendations.

JHSC Overview

JHSC Requirements
JHSCMinimum Requirement
  • worker representative, selected by the workers
  • 1 management representative appointed by management
  • A minimum 50% worker representation on the committee
  • Schedule and run quarterly meetings
  • Conduct monthly workplace inspections (worker member)
  • Assist in identifying workplace hazards
  • Make recommendations to the employer to improve health and safety hazards in the workplace
  • Be present for a supervisor’s work refusal investigation (worker member)
  • Investigate critical injuries (worker member)
  • Provide feedback on the workplace violence risk assessment
  • Provide feedback on the workplace WHMIS program
    Obtain information about hazards and/or WSIB injury experience
  • Obtain information on health and safety testing
  • Accompany an MOL Inspector during a site visit, when requested
  • Scheduled every three months
  • One hour paid preparation time if required
  • One co-chair appointed by worker members
  • One co-chair appointed by management members
  • Minutes must be recorded and made available for examination and review by the MOL
  • One worker and one management representative to complete JHSC Certification (if the workplace employs more than 20 persons)
  • Certified members must complete MOL Certification Refresher Training every three years (to maintain valid Certification status)
  • Note: Although all Certified Members should receive refresher training, it is not a requirement for Members certified prior to March 31, 2016.
The JHSC is not responsible for:
  • Developing and implementing a health and safety program
  • Delivering training
  • Disciplining workers or enforcing safety rules
  • Deciding who is right in a work refusal
  • Ensuring that recommendations are implemented

These actions are the responsibility of you, as the owner, and your respective supervisors.

How are JHSC members selected?

The worker member(s) must be selected by the workers, or by the union, if the workplace is unionized. As the employer, you must allow your workers an opportunity to select (nominate and vote if required) for their worker representative. There is no specified term for a worker representative to fulfil the role but it is recommended that the workers consider a time limit for rotating member representatives from the committee. Each time a worker member leaves the committee, voting new worker member selection must take place. You can support this process by providing a documented JHSC Terms of Reference.

Management member(s) are appointed to sit on the JHSC by management.

JHSC Meetings

The JHSC must meet quarterly (every three months) as a minimum, to discuss workplace inspection deficiencies and other issues or information pertaining to workplace health and safety. In addition to meeting time, the JHSC members may need preparation time.

Some tips for productive JHSC meetings are:

  • Set an annual schedule for meetings
  • Prepare and circulate an agenda in advance of the meetings
  • Decide on how to efficiently capture meeting minutes
  • Committee members also decide how decisions will be made (voting) and how to assign administrative duties (minute-taking).
JHSC Monthly Workplace Inspections
  • You must provide the JHSC worker with time to prepare for and conduct a monthly workplace inspection. He or she plans the route and any particular areas of focus.
  • A workplace inspection serves many purposes including the opportunity to observe workers doing the work or to ask questions that might pinpoint an issue. Inspections also help identify hazards so the JHSC can then recommend solutions. The JHSC worker representative needs a chance to identify hazards and to recommend possible solutions.
  • It’s good practice to conduct the inspection in pairs, if possible. For example, the JHSC worker representative might invite a supervisor, manager, or even yourself, to participate and act as a second set of eyes
  • Remember, The JHSC members are not responsible for identifying all workplace hazards; this is the day-to-day role of all workplace parties within the Internal Responsibility System. JHSC members will, however, help you discover additional hazards that may be present so they can be addressed.
Making Recommendations
  • Once the JHSC worker representative conducts a monthly inspection, there may be identified hazards that will require follow-up.
  • The person who led the inspection prepares a simple report for you, the employer, which includes the list of noted deficiencies.
  • It is your responsibility to determine appropriate corrective actions and to document a response to the items in the report. Include supervisors in the discussion about appropriate corrective actions that pertain to their work areas and assign responsibility accordingly.

On occasion, the JHSC may identify a hazard that merits a formal recommendation. This could happen if the JHSC notes:

  • A reoccurring/repeat health and safety issue during the monthly inspections
  • A control that was not implemented effectively
  • Something requiring budgeting/planning is being recommended

When the JHSC makes written recommendations, you are required to respond in writing, within 21 days. The response must include a timetable for implementing the recommendations with which you agree, or the reasons why you don’t agree at this time.

The monthly inspection report and any formal recommendations may be posted on the health and safety bulletin board for the month, which contributes to the workers’ right to know.

JHSC Certification Training

The law requires that at least one worker representative and one management representative receive specialized JHSC training to carry out their functions, where a workplace has 20 or more persons regularly employed (O. Reg. 385/96, Sect 4). This training is called JHSC Certification. You will need to arrange for the members to attend Certification training (and Certification Refresher training), which must be delivered by a MOL-approved provider. As the employer, you must pay for this training and the time spent by workers becoming trained.

Pay for JHSC Members

JHSC members must be paid their regular or premium rate (whichever applies) for the time it takes to fulfill their duties. This includes up to one hour to prepare for meetings and time attending the meetings. In addition, the worker representative must be paid for time spent:

  • Conducting the monthly inspection
  • Investigating a critical injury
  • Attending a work refusal

The worker member and management member must be paid for the time it takes to attend JHSC Certification training.

See the Resources section for sample JHSC Terms of Reference, Inspection Checklists and Report forms.


JHSC Meeting Agenda | Joint Health and Safety Committee (JHSC) sample meeting agenda. Employers are encouraged to use, reproduce, or customize this document / template to meet their health and safety requirements.

JHSC Meeting Minutes Template Recording Form | Joint Health and Safety Committee (JHSC) sample meeting minutes recording form. Employers are encouraged to use, reproduce, or customize this document / template to meet their health and safety requirements.

JHSC Notice of Recommendation Form | Joint Health and Safety Committee (JHSC) sample notice of recommendation form. Employers are encouraged to use, reproduce, or customize this document / template to meet their health and safety requirements.

JHSC Terms of Reference | Joint Health and Safety Committee (JHSC) sample terms of reference. Employers are encouraged to use, reproduce, or customize this document / template to meet their health and safety requirements.

Workplace Inspection Checklist | A workplace inspection checklist template. Employers are encouraged to use, reproduce, or customize this document / template to meet their health and safety requirements.

Book CPO Approved JHSC Certification Training Now

JHSC Certification Part 1

JHSC Certification Part 2 - Online Instructor-Led Training

JHSC Refresher Training - Online Instructor-Led Training

  • Certification Refresher - All Sectors (1 day) | JHSC members who received certification after the new Minister of Labour, Immigration Training and Skills Development (MLITSD) training standards came into effect on March 1, 2016 are required to take a certification refresher course every 3 years in order to maintain their status.

Workplace Inspection Training

Workplace Inspections Training eCourse (1 hour) | Start here: This eCourse will teach you how to effectively prepare, conduct and document workplace inspections.

Effective Workplace Inspections (Online Instructor-Led Training) | Effective Workplace Inspections is a 3.5 hour training course that provides you with the necessary knowledge and skills to do regular, planned, pre-use workplace inspections.

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Resource Hub

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