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Hazard Control | Safe Lifting for Employers

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EMPLOYER WSPS.CA 130-BPS-13-IGOT © 2024, Workplace Safety & Prevention Services (WSPS) 1 877 494 WSPS (9777) | 905 614 1400 1 Materials Handling & Musculoskeletal Disorder Prevention What Employers Need to Know Anytime a worker must move materials, articles, or things there is a risk of injury if they do not do it safely. Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) include muscle, soft- tissue, joint, bone, and nerve injuries that may occur suddenly or develop over time. It is important for employers to understand how these injuries occur and to design work to be done in a safe manner. What causes MSDs? Repetitive motions, awkward postures, heavy forces, and poor lifting, pushing, pulling, or storage practices can cause MSDs. MSD RISK FACTOR CONTROL RECOMMENDATION Awkward Posture: Neutral joint postures are those that reduce strain and fatigue on the joints and muscles. Neutral posture is standing straight, with arms at your sides. Tasks that require movement outside of this position may increase the risk of injury. Design work with ergonomics in mind and ensure that the workers are able to work in neutral body positions as much as possible. Repetitive Motion: Doing the same tasks or movements consistently and without rest can fatigue muscles and other body tissues, especially if limited to specific muscles and joints. When setting up work processes, try to include job rotation or variety in the tasks done by workers to reduce repetitive strain. Force: The amount of effort required to lift, pull, push, or handle items; higher forces place additional strain on muscles and joints, increasing the risk of injury. Whenever possible, use lifting equipment and devices to move heavy or awkwardly sized items.

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