Emergency Management and Civil Protection Act

Year Bill/Reg./Act Jurisdiction Status
2020 R.S.O. 1990 Provincial
In Force
OHS Impact

Considerable powers are given to the Premier and the Lieutenant Governor in Council during a declared emergency to issue orders which are "necessary and essential in the circumstances to prevent, reduce or mitigate serious harm to persons". These orders will alleviate the risk or is a reasonable alternative to other actions.

Failure to comply with orders enacted under the EMCPA result in substantial penalties for both individuals and corporations. "Emergency" is defined in the EMCPA and includes "a disease or other health risk," which would include COVID-19.


Ontario government, in consultation with Ontario's Chief Medical Officer of Health, has extended all emergency orders currently in force that were made under s.7.0.2(4) of the Emergency Management and Civil Protection Act to July 22, 2020. The extension was made to ensure the province maintains the necessary flexibility to protect public health and safety as more businesses reopen and people go back to work.

Stage 3 of reopening will come into effect on July 17th for the following regions: 

  • Algoma Public Health
  • Brant County Health Unit
  • Chatham-Kent Public Health
  • Eastern Ontario Health Unit
  • Grey Bruce Health Unit
  • Haliburton, Kawartha, Pine Ridge District Health Unit
  • Hastings Prince Edward Public Health
  • Huron Perth Public Health
  • Kingston, Frontenac and Lennox & Addington Public Health
  • Leeds Grenville & Lanark District Health Unit
  • Middlesex-London Health Unit
  • North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit
  • Northwestern Health Unit
  • Ottawa Public Health
  • Peterborough Public Health
  • Porcupine Health Unit
  • Public Health Sudbury & Districts
  • Region of Waterloo Public Health and Emergency Services
  • Renfrew County and District Health Unit
  • Simcoe-Muskoka District Health Unit
  • Southwestern Public Health
  • Thunder Bay District Health Unit
  • Timiskaming Health Unit
  • Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Public Health​
​The following public health units will be allowed to move into Stage 3 on Friday, July 24, 2020 at 12:01 a.m.:
  • Durham Region Health Department;
  • Haldimand-Norfolk Health Unit;
  • Halton Region Health Department;
  • Hamilton Public Health Services;
  • Lambton Health Unit;
  • Niagara Region Public Health Department; and
  • York Region Public Health Services.

Toronto, Peel Region and Windsor-Essex Region will, however, remain in Stage 2

Emergency orders in force
O. Reg. Order Description
50/20 Declaration of Emergency
106/20 Extensions and renewals of orders
114/20 Enforcement of orders
51/20 Closure of establishments
263/20 Stage 2 closures
82/20 Closure of places of non-essential businesses
104/20 Closure of outdoor recreational amenities
52/20 Organized public events, certain gatherings
98/20 Prohibiting unfair pricing on necessary goods
139/20 Child care fees
80/20 Electricity price for RPP consumers
195/20 Treatment of temporary COVID-19 related payments to employees
241/20 Special rules regarding temporary pandemic pay
120/20 Access to COVID-19 status information by specified persons
190/20 Access to personal health information by means of the electronic health record
192/20 Certain persons enabled to issue medical certificates of death
193/20 Hospital credentialing processes
116/20 Work deployment for boards of health
74/20 Work deployment for health service providers
77/20 Work deployment for long-term care homes
118/20 Work deployment measures in retirement homes
146/20 Limiting work to a single long-term care home
158/20 Limiting work to a single retirement home
163/20 Work deployment measures for mental health and addictions agencies
156/20 Deployment of employees of service provider organizations
95/20 Streamlining requirements for long-term care homes
210/20 Management of long-term care homes in outbreak
240/20 Management of retirement homes in outbreak
140/20 Agreements between health service providers and retirement homes
141/20 Temporary health or residential facilities
121/20 Service agencies providing services and supports to adults with developmental disabilities
145/20 Work deployment measures for service agencies providing violence against women residential services and crisis line services
154/20 Work deployment measures for district social services administration boards
157/20 Work deployment measures for municipalities
177/20 Congregate care settings
205/20 Education sector
129/20 Signatures in wills and powers of attorney
128/20 Pick up and delivery of cannabis
75/20 Drinking water and sewage
73/20 Limitation periods
89/20 Traffic management
132/20 Use of force and firearms in policing services
76/20 Electronic service of documents

Revoked emergency orders
191/20 Global adjustment for market participants and consumers
142/20 Closure of public lands for recreational camping
107/20 Corporations, co-operative corporations and condominium corporations

On April 27th, 2020 the Provincial Government of Ontario introduced A Framework for Reopening the Province (Framework) following the measures taken to control and prevent the spread of Covid-19. The three stage Framework is a document setting out the public health principles behind its decision-making.

The Ontario government is helping restaurant and bar owners reopen and safely serve more customers by issuing a new emergency order and amending another under s.7.0.2 (4) of the Emergency Management and Civil Protection Act, which will allow municipalities to quickly pass temporary bylaws for the creation and extension of patios and allow covered outdoor dining areas to serve customers.

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