While heat stress is a recognized hazard in some workplaces all year long, extreme summer temperatures may introduce the risk into other workplaces. "And now there's the COVID-19 factor," says WSPS Occupational Hygiene Specialist Warren Clements. "It's generating questions the health and safety community hasn't encountered before."
Here's one example: "When it's hot out we rely on pedestal and wall-mounted fans to circulate air. Although we screen workers for COVID-19, what if someone is asymptomatic? Could the fans' airflow increase the risk of transmitting the virus?"
In this instance, researchers don't have enough data yet to give a definitive answer. What to do?
WSPS has a solution for this particular hazard, and will soon offer a new downloadable guide that helps workplaces implement a comprehensive approach to assessing potential heat stress hazards linked to COVID-19. Heat Stress Management - A Practical Guide assists workplaces in applying the tried-and-true RACE (Recognize, Assess, Control, Evaluate) model. Through a series of questions and insights, users will be able to identify and assess hazards in their workplace, and explore possible controls.
Returning to the fan example, WSPS suggests that if COVID-19 may be present in your workplace, aim air flow towards individual workers. "If you can't avoid directing it towards adjacent workers, then for now at least don't use these fans," says Warren. "Instead, introduce other controls to help keep workers cool. For instance, look for opportunities to improve insulation and shielding of hot equipment. Apply administrative controls, such as scheduling hot work for cooler times, and vary the intensity of work and the metabolic demand that goes with it."
WSPS Ergonomics Specialist Angela Cameron relates another concern: could COVID-19 related personal protective equipment (PPE) increase the risk of heat stress?
Until now, workers in many workplaces have had no need to wear face shields, masks or eye protection, other than simple safety glasses. But now, authorities are recommending surgical masks and eye protection in any workplace where physical distancing is a challenge. The problem is, they can make wearers feel hotter.
"Every time we exhale, we're creating a little micro-climate behind our mask or shield," explains Angela. "In an already hot environment, these microclimates can make us feel we’re hotter and working harder than we really are."
While microclimates alone don't cause an increase in core body temperatures, the associated perceptions of heat and discomfort may distract workers from the tasks at hand (a safety hazard) and cause stress and anxiety (a psychosocial hazard). "If affected workers feel their concerns are not being acknowledged," says Angela, "that may amplify the stress."
"The controls we apply to reduce these psychosocial hazards may be different from controls for the health hazards more commonly associated with heat stress, but we still have to apply them."
How WSPS can help workplaces respond to COVID-19 related heat stress hazards
Both Warren and Angela encourage workplaces to
- refresh their understanding of work-related heat stress and COVID-19 in the workplace
- review and update their existing heat stress plan in the context of COVID-19
WSPS' website offers a variety of heat stress resources - eCourses, articles, safety tips, and more. Watch for Heat Stress Management - A Practical Guide, coming soon.
WSPS consultants are also available for conversations, discussions and virtual meetings. Start by calling our Duty Consultant: 1-877-494-WSPS (9777).