Lift Trucks and Other Lifting Devices

Lifting DevicesWhat are lifting devices?

Lifting devices can include, but are not limited to, cranes, forklift trucks, lifts, hoists, mobile elevating platforms and vehicle inspection platform hoists. This equipment is used for many things, from lifting a worker up to fix a broken cable line, to lowering a load of skids full of produce off a loading dock.

Lifting devices are used in thousands of workplaces and their continuing role is a significant cause of serious worker injury and death. A common feature of many of these incidents was a failure to comply with the Occupational Health and Safety Act and its regulations. A lifting devices safety program that complies with the legislation will protect the safety and well-being of your employees and your business.

What the law says

Employers have a duty under Section 25(2)(h) of the Occupational Health and Safety Act to take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of the worker, but there are specific regulations governing the safe use of lifting equipment depending on your industry.

Ministry of Labour (MOL) inspectors will be looking to ensure that employers are following these specific regulations as well as ensuring that employers are maintaining lifting devices to determine their load capacity and ensuring a lifting device is constructed and equipped with suitable ropes, chains, slings and other fittings, and maintained to ensure the safety of all workers. Review MOL inspection information.

Specific Occupational Health and Safety Act regulations include:

  • Construction Projects, Regulation 213/91.
  • Health Care and Residential Facilities, Ontario Regulation 67/93.
  • Industrial Establishments, R.R.O. 1990 Regulation 851.
  • Mining and Mining Plants, R.R.O. 1990 Regulation 854.

There are also CSA standards governing this equipment like:

  • B17-08 - Overhead travelling cranes - Design, inspection, testing, maintenance, and safe operation
  • B335-04 - Safety Standard for Lift trucks
  • Z248-04 (R2009) - Code for Tower Cranes
  • Z150-98 (R2008) - Safety Code on Mobile Cranes

How having a lifting device safety program can help your business

Lifting devices are an important investment for your business. They protect your workers from injury and protect the materials that are being moved from being damaged as a result of being dropped or mishandled. It is essential that these devices are installed (where applicable) correctly, maintained properly and operated only be competent operators. The potential for serious injury and fatality is considerable. There is also the potential for loss of supplies, finished product and damage to equipment and buildings. All of these result in additional cost to your bottom line, damage to your company's reputation, and poor employee morale.

What you can do

Equipment must be installed according to the manufacturer's specifications. Do not make any modifications to the equipment unless duly made by the manufacturer, his designate, or someone with appropriate credentials (e.g. engineer). Installations and modifications may be subject to pre-start health and safety review (PSR) under Section 7 of the Regulations for Industrial Establishments. You may need to conduct a PSR and implement compliance measures before a new or modified apparatus, structure, protective element or process is put into production.

Have in place a schedule of maintenance, again in accordance with the manufacturer's guidelines. Carry out regular and scheduled inspections of the equipment and initiate any repairs immediately.

Allow only competent operators to use the equipment; those that have been rigorously trained and ensure that they undergo refresher training, especially when new equipment is acquired.

Downloads

Job Aid - Aerial Work Platform (Scissor Lift)

Job Aid - Aerial Work Platform (Scissor Lift)

Working with aerial work platforms can be hazardous. Use our Job Aid to learn more.
727 KB PDF
Job Aid - Cranes

Job Aid - Cranes

Hazard awareness information relating to the use of cranes.
791 KB PDF
Job Aid - Forklifts

Job Aid - Forklifts

Hazard awareness information for forklift operation.
726 KB PDF
Job Aid - Reach Truck / Order Picker

Job Aid - Reach Truck / Order Picker

Hazard awareness information regarding the use of reach trucks/order pickers.
860 KB PDF
Job Aid - Vehicle Lifting Devices

Job Aid - Vehicle Lifting Devices

Hazard awareness information for the use of vehicle lifting devices.
1000 KB PDF
Loading Docks and Warehouses

Loading Docks and Warehouses

There are many hazards associated with loading docks.  This guideline outlines these hazards and offers some safe work guidelines to eliminate or minimalize the risk.
278 KB PDF
Safety Check: Pallet Jack Safety

Safety Check: Pallet Jack Safety

Pallet jack safety tips for workers.
506 KB PDF
Safety Check: Reach Truck/Order Picker Safety

Safety Check: Reach Truck/Order Picker Safety

Reach truck order picker safety for workers.
491 KB PDF
Self-Assessment Form - Cranes and Lifting Devices

Self-Assessment Form - Cranes and Lifting Devices

This self-assessment form was developed as a result of a study on occupational health and safety for small companies in the metal processing industry. Researchers determined that companies with limited resources and time most need these simple tools for rapid intervention on real issues. 

The. zip file you will download contains two files; a user's guide and the self-assessment form.
308 KB pdf
Self-Assessment Form - Lift Truck

Self-Assessment Form - Lift Truck

This self-assessment form was developed as a result of a study on occupational health and safety for small companies in the metal processing industry. Researchers determined that companies with limited resources and time most need these simple tools for rapid intervention on real issues. 

The. zip file you will download contains two files; a user's guide and the self-assessment form.
347 KB pdf

Consulting Services

General Consulting Services

General Consulting Services

Integrating health and safety into your workplace is good business.  WSPS’ consultants employ a results-based approach to health, safety and environment, focused on building self-reliance,  and enabling your organization to implement, manage and continually improve your health and safety programs.

Warehouse Safety

Warehouse Safety

WSPS offers a variety of solutions to help managers, supervisors and other workplace parties get up-to-speed on what they need to know and do to achieve a safe, healthy and productive warehouse operation.

WSPS Safety Group

WSPS Safety Group

WSPS is the largest Safety Group provider and one of the longest running sponsors in the province. With our extensive experience and proven track record, by working with us and other member firms participating firms can achieve better results, and qualify for WSIB rebates.

Training

Crane & Hoist Safety

Crane & Hoist Safety

Variety of offerings for operators and instructors including practical training and testing. Available for on-site delivery only. Price: Varies per program.
View Details 
Call for pricing

Fall Prevention Safety

Fall Prevention Safety

Variety of offerings for workers and instructors including in-class theory and practical components. Price: Varies per program.

View Details 
Call for pricing

Lift Trucks and Other Lifting Devices

Lift Trucks and Other Lifting Devices

Variety of offerings for operators and instructors including practical training and testing. Price: Varies per program.
View Details 
Call for pricing

E-Courses

Lifting It Right: 2014 Online Edition (30 min)

Lifting It Right: 2014 Online Edition (30 min)

Online course by the Automotive Lift Institute, Inc. (ALI) and hosted by racing legends Richard and Kyle Petty.

View Details 
$24.00

Articles

9 ways to prevent pallet injuries

9 ways to prevent pallet injuries

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Aug 10, 2017
Improve your racking inspections with a new CSA guideline

Improve your racking inspections with a new CSA guideline

High profile fatalities and injuries involving collapsed racks due to damage happen all too often in Ontario. That's why a critical eye on racks is essential.
Jun 13, 2017
Warehouse safety success story #1: Coca-Cola Refreshments

Warehouse safety success story #1: Coca-Cola Refreshments

How to move, store and ship products safely and efficiently drew a sold-out audience to WSPS' warehouse safety conference, held February 22 at the Centre for Health & Safety Innovation in Mississauga. One of the highlights was a panel of three industry members discussing their health and safety priorities and solutions.

Mar 15, 2017
Control warehouse hazards with specialized JHSC certification training (new resource)

Control warehouse hazards with specialized JHSC certification training (new resource)

Warehouses and distribution centres are big business. According to a recently published real estate study, they’re two of Canada's top 16 investment prospects.

Dec 01, 2016
Deliver warehouse safety training on the spot with WSPS’ 8 new streamable videos

Deliver warehouse safety training on the spot with WSPS’ 8 new streamable videos

"This is the future of awareness training," says WSPS consultant Norm Kramer. He's talking about eight new videos available on WSPS' own YouTube Channel and on our Videos section. Averaging four minutes each, the videos offer professional insights into distinct aspects of warehouse safety. All you need is a laptop, tablet or smart phone.

Jul 29, 2016
10 proven best practices for managing safety around lifting devices

10 proven best practices for managing safety around lifting devices

Loading docks are one of the busiest spots in any workplace, with trucks, trailers, pedestrians, lifting devices and other equipment regularly moving in and out of the area. These activities often extend into other parts of the workplace, including storage and manufacturing areas, delivery yards, and even retail floor space. How do you keep lifting device operators, other workers, visitors and customers safe amid all this activity?

Feb 10, 2016
New CSA lift truck standard: your best practices guide to training and more

New CSA lift truck standard: your best practices guide to training and more

Employers now have a new tool for ensuring safe lift truck operation, courtesy of CSA B335-15 Safety standard for lift trucks. This comprehensive document covers the key elements of a lift truck safety program, including operator training, and qualifications for trainers and maintenance technicians.

May 13, 2015
Myth buster: clearing up misconceptions about lift devices

Myth buster: clearing up misconceptions about lift devices

Nothing makes Chuck Leon's blood boil faster than hearing someone spout a lift truck myth or misconception. "And there are plenty of them," says Leon. He's a WSPS warehouse/material handling specialist with years of experience as an operator and a consultant, and knows firsthand that misinformation is dangerous. It can put people at risk and cause significant property damage.

Jun 05, 2014