Hazard Assessment

Hazard AssessmentWhat is hazard assessment?

A hazard is any practice, behaviour, substance, condition, or combination of these that can cause injury or illness to people, or damage to property.

An assessment is the process of identifying hazards so they can be eliminated or controlled.

What the law says

Ontario's Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) states that employers must take every reasonable precaution to protect workers, provide information and instruction, and to ensure that workers properly use or wear the required equipment. This includes assessing-or identifying and controlling-all of the hazards in the workplace that could cause injury or illness to your employees. These hazards must then be eliminated or controlled. Employers,supervisors and workers can be prosecuted for not complying with the law.

How hazard assessment can affect your business:

Injuries and illnesses can cause great emotional and financial hardship to a business and its workforce. Assessing and controlling hazards will help to alleviate these.

  • An average WSIB claim is $11,771
  • Factor in other costs like lost productivity and staff replacement the cost can be as much as four times more-approximately $59,000 per injury
  • With a profit margin of 5%, sales/services required to cover the total cost of one injury equals about $1.2 million

(Source: WSIB "Preventing Slips, Trips and Falls in the Workplace")

What you can do

Initiate a hazard control program that

  • lists all of the steps necessary to protect workers from exposure to a substance or system, and the procedures necessary to monitor worker exposure and their health to hazards like chemicals, materials or substances, or noise or vibration
  • Includes a written policy outlining the methods being used to control the exposure and how the controls will be monitored
  • Control hazards by
    • elimination (or substitution) of the hazard from the workplace or substituting it
    • engineering controls in the design or modification to plants, equipment, ventilation systems and processes to reduce the source of exposure
    • applying administrative controls by altering the way the work is done, including timing, policies and other rules and practices
    • providing appropriate personal protective equipment and making sure it is properly worn and properly maintained

Downloads

Business Pandemic Preparedness Checklist

Business Pandemic Preparedness Checklist

Is your business prepared for a pandemic?  Use this sample checklist to assess your readiness.
335 KB pdf
Hazard Management Tool

Hazard Management Tool

The purpose of this tool, developed by the WSIB in collaboration with the HSO members, is to provide workplaces with a step-by-step approach to recognizing, assessing and controlling hazards, and monitoring the ongoing effectiveness of those controls.
60 KB pdf
Health and Safety Action Plan Form

Health and Safety Action Plan Form

Since each workplace is unique, no training program can provide information on workplace-specific hazard controls. That is why JHSC members must create an action plan to identify, assess and control the significant hazards in consultation with the employer. Use this electronic form to help you formulate your action plan.
393 KB pdf
MSD Hazards Checklist

MSD Hazards Checklist

A checklist to assess the ergonomic risks of each job task.
317 KB pdf
MSD Risk Assessment

MSD Risk Assessment

This document will help you determine if there is a high risk of injury once the potential risk of a musculoskeletal disorder has been identified.
483 KB pdf
Order Picking

Order Picking

Order picking can result in a variety of muscle and joint injuries and pains.  Other injuries, and even death, can result from falls and collisions with powered equipment.  Some order pickers may be exposed to hazardous chemicals.

257 KB pdf
Physical Demands Analysis (Fillable Form)

Physical Demands Analysis (Fillable Form)

A physical demands analysis (PDA) is a systematic procedure to quantify and evaluate the physical, cognitive, and environmental demands of the essential and non-essential tasks of a job.

See "Physical Demands Analysis Instruction" for assistance to complete this form.

731 KB pdf
Workplace Hazards Inspection Form (Workplace Violence)

Workplace Hazards Inspection Form (Workplace Violence)

This form will help you identify potential hazards in your workplace as they relate to the security of your employees and visitors.
356 KB pdf

Consulting Services

General Consulting Services

General Consulting Services

Integrating health and safety into your workplace is good business.  WSPS’ consultants employ a results-based approach to health, safety and environment, focused on building self-reliance,  and enabling your organization to implement, manage and continually improve your health and safety programs.

WSPS Safety Group

WSPS Safety Group

WSPS is the largest Safety Group provider and one of the longest running sponsors in the province. With our extensive experience and proven track record, by working with us and other member firms participating firms can achieve better results, and qualify for WSIB rebates.

Training

Federal Policy, Work Place Committees and Representatives - English (2 Days)

Federal Policy, Work Place Committees and Representatives - English (2 Days)

Cost-effective 2-day training session for federal work place health and safety committees.

View Details 
$519.00

Managing Hazards (1/2 day)

Managing Hazards (1/2 day)

This is a 1/2 day hazard management training course.
View Details 
$149.00

Managing Hazards (Federal) - English (1/2 day)

Managing Hazards (Federal) - English (1/2 day)

NEW! This course equips participants in federally regulated workplaces with a sound and easy‐to‐follow process and tool for proactively identifying and addressing hazards before they lead to costly incidents.
View Details 
$209.00

Managing Hazards (Federal) - French (1/2 day)

Managing Hazards (Federal) - French (1/2 day)

NEW! This course equips participants in federally regulated workplaces with a sound and easy‐to‐follow process and tool for proactively identifying and addressing hazards before they lead to costly incidents.
View Details 
Call for pricing

Robot Safety: Decoding and Applying CSA Z434 (1 Day)

Robot Safety: Decoding and Applying CSA Z434 (1 Day)

Understand how to apply the key requirements of the revised CSA Z434 Industrial robots and robot systems standard to your workplaces.

View Details 
$539.00

E-Courses

Federal Hazard Prevention Program (English) (1 hour)

Federal Hazard Prevention Program (English) (1 hour)

Every federally-regulated workplace must implement and maintain a hazard prevention program.
View Details 
$64.00

Federal Hazard Prevention Program (French) (1 hour)

Federal Hazard Prevention Program (French) (1 hour)

Every federally-regulated workplace must implement and maintain a hazard prevention program.
View Details 
$64.00

Hazard Identification, Assessment and Control (English) (3 hours)

Hazard Identification, Assessment and Control (English) (3 hours)

Outlines techniques for identifying hazards, assessing risks and controlling hazards.
View Details 
$99.00

Hazard Identification, Assessment and Control (French) (3 hours)

Hazard Identification, Assessment and Control (French) (3 hours)

Outlines techniques for identifying hazards, assessing risks and controlling hazards.
View Details 
$99.00

Articles

Reduce injuries with leading indicators

Reduce injuries with leading indicators

Your injury frequency, severity rates and the impact on your workplace tell you that your health and safety program needs a boost. But do you know where to focus your efforts for maximum impact? Leading indicators will help you identify gaps and get your health and safety program where you want it to be.
Nov 15, 2017
Noise apps: what you need to know

Noise apps: what you need to know

Measuring noise levels with an app on your smartphone or tablet: what could be simpler? But are the measurements accurate? Could these apps be too good to be true? WSPS eNews asked WSPS Occupational Hygiene Specialist Warren Clements for his perspective on these popular new applications.
Nov 15, 2017
How to protect workers from occupational cancers

How to protect workers from occupational cancers

A new study quantifying the number of cancers resulting from workplace chemical exposure in Ontario is a wake-up call for employers across all industries. "We now have a picture of how big the problem of workplace cancer is in Ontario and it's clear there's work to be done," says WSPS Occupational Hygiene Consultant Craig Fairclough.
Nov 15, 2017
Incident investigation: the ultimate due diligence

Incident investigation: the ultimate due diligence

"A robust incident reporting and investigation process supported by a culture committed to continual improvement is the ultimate due diligence," says WSPS' Andrew Harkness. It's a cornerstone of injury and loss prevention.
Oct 12, 2017
Spot fall hazards before the blitz

Spot fall hazards before the blitz

Slips, trips, and falls remain the bane of Ontario workplaces and a Ministry of Labour (MOL) priority. Why? Check the numbers: almost 12,000 lost time injury claims are filed annually, or 32 claims per day, at a direct benefit claim cost to employers of more than $73 million.
Sep 12, 2017
9 ways to prevent pallet injuries

9 ways to prevent pallet injuries

The 2016 trial of a respected big box retailer following the death of a worker has raised fresh concerns over pallet safety. The worker died two weeks after he tripped on an empty pallet and hit his head. While this may be an isolated incident, it highlights the potential consequences of unsafe practices involving pallets.
Aug 10, 2017
Stop forceful gripping, pinching MSDs

Stop forceful gripping, pinching MSDs

A research project involving 4,300 workers at more than 50 workplaces has found that people who often use a forceful gripping and pinching motion could face a higher risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome.*
Aug 10, 2017
Listen up! Reduce workplace noise in 4 steps

Listen up! Reduce workplace noise in 4 steps

Efforts have recently ramped up to protect Ontario's workers from noise-induced hearing loss. They include a new noise regulation with stricter duties for employers, a year-long noise initiative from the Ministry of Labour, and a new education and awareness campaign from Ontario's Occupational Disease Action Plan.
Jun 13, 2017
Dropped tools can kill. Here's how to secure tools at heights

Dropped tools can kill. Here's how to secure tools at heights

Imagine this: one of your workers drops a 3-pound tool from a height of 20 feet. The tool hits a worker below with 336 pounds of force. Just 16 pounds of force can fracture a skull.
Jun 13, 2017
#AvoidNoise - how to prevent hearing loss in the workplace

#AvoidNoise - how to prevent hearing loss in the workplace

Results from a Statistics Canada health study offer disturbing findings regarding adult hearing loss.* Could you or your co-workers be among the 1 in 5 adults aged 19 to 79 who have mild hearing loss or more in at least one ear? Here's another: most people with measured hearing loss were unaware they had any hearing problems. Chances are, with time and continued exposure the problem will get worse.

Apr 10, 2017
6 easy ways to ensure conveyor safety

6 easy ways to ensure conveyor safety

Don't let emergency stop buttons and pull cords lull you into a false sense of security. They're the conveyor equivalent of the engine oil light on your car's dashboard: If the light goes on - or you're reaching for the emergency stop button - it may be too late.

Apr 10, 2017
4 low- or no-cost ways to make mental health a workplace priority

4 low- or no-cost ways to make mental health a workplace priority

The mental health of workers cannot be ignored. In any given week 500,000 people miss work every week due to a mental health issue.

Apr 10, 2017
Lockout: follow this 6 step template

Lockout: follow this 6 step template

The key to preventing lockout incidents, says WSPS consultant Michael Wilson, is understanding which hazardous energies you are dealing with. Up to eight potential sources must be controlled before a worker can safely carry out maintenance and repair tasks.

Mar 15, 2017
Deliver warehouse safety training on the spot with WSPS’ 8 new streamable videos

Deliver warehouse safety training on the spot with WSPS’ 8 new streamable videos

"This is the future of awareness training," says WSPS consultant Norm Kramer. He's talking about eight new videos available on WSPS' own YouTube Channel and on our Videos section. Averaging four minutes each, the videos offer professional insights into distinct aspects of warehouse safety. All you need is a laptop, tablet or smart phone.

Jul 29, 2016
A 4-point compliance strategy for Ontario's new noise regulation

A 4-point compliance strategy for Ontario's new noise regulation

A new noise regulation taking effect July 1 will help workplaces better protect employees from the debilitating effects of noise-induced hearing loss. It's more prevalent than you may think. Noise-induced hearing loss claims in Ontario exceed $50 million a year.
Feb 10, 2016
Master robot system safety - with a little help from WSPS

Master robot system safety - with a little help from WSPS

For robot system manufacturers, initiators and end users, CSA Z434 - Industrial robots and robot systems is the definitive tool for mastering robot system safety. It offers vital information on the manufacture, rebuild, installation, safeguarding, maintenance and repair, testing and start-up, and employee training requirements. Trouble is, the 216-page standard is not exactly light reading.

Feb 10, 2016
Carbon monoxide: 5 ways you and your JHSC can protect everyone against this deadly hazard

Carbon monoxide: 5 ways you and your JHSC can protect everyone against this deadly hazard

"Protecting ourselves from carbon monoxide exposure requires year-round vigilance, but especially now," says WSPS occupational hygienist Ilma Bhunnoo. "In the summer, fresh air from open doors and windows can supplement our ventilation systems. But now that we all keep those door and windows closed against the cold, carbon monoxide from a variety of sources may build up to dangerous levels."

Jan 12, 2016
5 ways to add winter hazards into your slip, trip and fall prevention program

5 ways to add winter hazards into your slip, trip and fall prevention program

Slips, trips and falls consistently rank among the top four causes of workplace injuries. As temperatures drop and rain turns to snow and ice, WSPS consultant Kevin Smith offers tips on how to incorporate winter hazard considerations into your existing slip, trip and fall prevention program.

Dec 07, 2015
Decorating your workplace for the holidays? Follow these 12 safety tips

Decorating your workplace for the holidays? Follow these 12 safety tips

Celebrating holidays with decorations introduces a sense of fun and energy into retail outlets, restaurants, offices, and any other place where people congregate. But before you start putting up those decorations - or assign someone else to do it - WSPS consultant Andrew Moffett suggests applying the same health and safety principles here that you would apply to any new workplace activity. Here's what Moffett recommends.

Oct 06, 2015
Preventing robot system injuries: 6 pointers from a WSPS expert

Preventing robot system injuries: 6 pointers from a WSPS expert

In July 1984, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published an article, likely the first of its kind, entitled "Preventing the Injury of Workers by Robots." In September 2014, the Boston Consulting Group projected the rise of robot systems to be a US$67 billion market by 2025. The rate of adoption is faster than anticipated. Workplaces, take note.

Aug 06, 2015
Prevent electrical injuries: new CSA Z462 standard and one-day course

Prevent electrical injuries: new CSA Z462 standard and one-day course

If anyone in your workplace may be exposed to electrical hazards, CSA's newly revised standard Z462 - Workplace Electrical Safety can help you upgrade or set up an electrical safety program, "something many workplaces lack even though electrical incidents and injuries are often serious," says Francis Hardy, a senior safety specialist with the Electrical Safety Authority (ESA) and a member of the CSA Z462-15 Technical Committee.

Jan 12, 2015
Fall machine guarding blitz: 7 tips to help you manage hazards

Fall machine guarding blitz: 7 tips to help you manage hazards

From November 3 to December 14, the Ministry of Labour's Health and Safety Blitz initiative will focus on machine safety in the workplace. "Inspectors will probably apply a straight-forward approach to machine safety," says WSPS machine safety specialist Michael Wilson. "Are there guards in place? Are they, in fact, restricting access to hazardous motion? Are they being properly maintained?"

Sep 05, 2014
9 tips on conducting a hazard assessment

9 tips on conducting a hazard assessment

You've already conducted at least one assessment, right? "It's the foundation piece of a health and safety program," says Jan Hill, a consultant with Workplace Safety & Prevention Services (WSPS). "You can't assess and control something if you don't know it exists." Make your assessment a living document that will help protect your workers and your operations on an ongoing basis.
Jun 18, 2012