Machine Guarding and Electrical Hazards

Ministry of Labour Blitz: Safe Operation of MachineryMinistry of Labour Blitz: Machine Guarding & Electrical Hazards
January 15, 2018 - February 28, 2018

Every year, approximately 2,000 people are injured because of machine-related incidents. This alarming statistic accounts for almost 3.5% of all lost time injuries in Ontario.1 Approximately 17% of all Ministry of Labour orders written under the Industrial Establishments Regulation are related to inadequate guarding and lockout.

From January 15, 2018 - February 28, 2018, Ministry of Labour inspectors will be conducting a blitz to check that employers are protecting the health and safety of workers from machine guarding and electrical hazards.

1 Source: By the Numbers: 2014 WSIB Statistical Report

 

What are machine guarding / safeguarding and lockout

There are many types of potentially hazardous energy moving through your business at any time including electrical, thermal, chemical, pneumatic, hydraulic, mechanical and gravitational. These forms of energy must be locked out, blocked or released to ensure that machinery or equipment does not turn on or move during installation, repair or maintenance. Lockout/tagout refers to specific procedures and practices to protect employees from machinery or equipment starting unexpectedly and the release of hazardous energy.

Moving machine parts have the potential to cause severe injuries such as crushed fingers or hands, amputations, burns, or blindness. Machine guarding / safeguarding measures, at or around a machine, are essential to protect workers from coming into contact with hazards. A machine part that may cause injury must be safeguarded. Machine guarding / safeguarding measures for machines provided by the manufacturer or the owner should not be removed or made ineffective (bypassed).

Machine Guarding / Safeguarding / LockoutWhat the law says

Ontario's Occupational Health and Safety Act requires that employers take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances to protect workers. Sections 25, 27 and 28 refer to duties and responsibilities of employers, supervisors and workers.

Other applicable legislation (not necessarily limited to) applies as well:

  • Industrial Establishments Regulation (Reg. 851):
    • Section 12 (Premises)
    • Sections 24 to 44.2 (Machine Guarding)
    • Section 74 (Temporary Elevation)
    • Sections 75 and 76 (Maintenance and Repairs)
  • Sections 79-86 (Protective Equipment)
  • Section 108, Ontario Regulation 213/9 (Regulations for Construction Projects - blocking)
  • Section 37, Ontario Regulation 213/91 (Equipment Storage)
  • Section 38, Ontario Regulation 213/91 (Blocking, support chains, wire rope, rigging)
  • Section 108(2) Regulation 854 (specific to mining industry - unattended controls)

Check with your health and safety provider for additional information.

How having a machine guarding / safeguarding and lockout program can help your business

When hazardous energy sources are not properly controlled, serious injuries and fatalities can be the result. Therefore, it is important to have a machine guarding / safeguarding and lockout program to help you to ensure that all energies are properly locked out, and remain locked out until the work is completed. This will not only protect the well being of your employees, but also minimize any impact on your company's production, morale and viability.

What you can do

As an employer you should familiarize yourself with the legislation respecting machine guarding / safeguarding and lockout. Inventory machinery to review whether there are moving parts that could come into contact with the operator. Check manufacturer's information for guidance on appropriate machine guarding / safeguarding. Ensure that guards have not / are not removed. In certain cases, newly added machine guarding / safeguarding measures would require pre-start health and safety reviews.

Lockout/tagout procedures should include:

  • Notification to all affected workers
  • Machine equipment shutdown and isolation
  • Application of lockout/tagout (assigned, individual lock)
  • Verification of isolation
  • Lockout/tagout interruption (for testing or repositioning)
  • Release from lockout/tagout

Downloads

Abrasive (Grinding) Wheels

Abrasive (Grinding) Wheels

This guideline helps you understand the hazards associated with abrasive grinding wheels and how to control them.
420 KB pdf
Hazard Management Tool

Hazard Management Tool

The purpose of this tool, developed by the WSIB in collaboration with the HSO members, is to provide workplaces with a step-by-step approach to recognizing, assessing and controlling hazards, and monitoring the ongoing effectiveness of those controls.
60 KB pdf
IRS Primer

IRS Primer

The internal responsibility system (IRS) is part of the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Everyone in the workplace has a shared responsibility. This primer will help you understand your role in this process.
682 KB pdf
Lockout

Lockout

Lockout means to physically neutralize all energies in a piece of equipment before beginning any maintenance or repair work.
269 KB pdf
Machine Safety

Machine Safety

There are numerous potential hazards around machinery and equipment, such as cutting edges, gears, chains, revolving shafts, rotating blades and levers.
1300 KB PDF
Preventive Maintenance

Preventive Maintenance

Preventive maintenance is predetermined work performed to a schedule with the aim of preventing the wear and tear or sudden failure of equipment components thereby protecting assets and prolonging the useful life of production equipment.  It is an important, ongoing accident prevention activity, that should be integrated into your operations and product manufacturing processes.
280 KB pdf
Removing Parts with an Oxyacetylene Torch

Removing Parts with an Oxyacetylene Torch

Removing parts with an oxyacetylene torch puts you at risk from welding fumes, flames, and compressed gases, as well as from sharp edges in the parts and from having to work at an awkward posture.
270 KB pdf
Safety Check: Conveyor System Safety

Safety Check: Conveyor System Safety

Conveyor system safety for workers.
481 KB PDF
Safety Check: Industrial Laser Safety

Safety Check: Industrial Laser Safety

Industrial laser safety tips for workers.
480 KB PDF
Safety Check: Lathe Safety

Safety Check: Lathe Safety

Lathe safety tips for workers
483 KB PDF
Safety Check: Meat Band Saw Safety

Safety Check: Meat Band Saw Safety

Meat band saw safety tips for workers.
475 KB PDF
Safety Check: Meat Slicer Safety

Safety Check: Meat Slicer Safety

Meat slicer safety tips for workers.
479 KB PDF
Safety Check: Pallet Jack Safety

Safety Check: Pallet Jack Safety

Pallet jack safety tips for workers.
506 KB PDF
Safety Check: Power Press Safety

Safety Check: Power Press Safety

Power press safety for workers.
483 KB PDF
Safety Check: Storage Rack Safety

Safety Check: Storage Rack Safety

Storage Rack Safety tips for workers.
476 KB PDF
Safety Check: Vacuum Safety

Safety Check: Vacuum Safety

Vacuum Safety tips for workers.
481 KB PDF
Safety Check: Vertical Baler Safety

Safety Check: Vertical Baler Safety

Vertical baler safety for workers.
479 KB PDF
Safety Check: Waste Compactor Safety

Safety Check: Waste Compactor Safety

Waste compactor safety tips for workers.
475 KB PDF
Safety Check: Wheel Balanacer Safety

Safety Check: Wheel Balanacer Safety

Wheel balanacer safety tips for workers.
484 KB PDF
Self- Assessment Form - Bending Machine

Self- Assessment Form - Bending Machine

This self-assessment form was developed as a result of a study on occupational health and safety for small companies in the metal processing industry. Researchers determined that companies with limited resources and time most need these simple tools for rapid intervention on real issues. 

The. zip file you will download contains two files; a user's guide and the self-assessment form.
1407 KB pdf
Self-Assessment Form - Bandsaw

Self-Assessment Form - Bandsaw

This self-assessment form was developed as a result of a study on occupational health and safety for small companies in the metal processing industry. Researchers determined that companies with limited resources and time most need these simple tools for rapid intervention on real issues. 

The. zip file you will download contains two files; a user's guide and the self-assessment form.
393 KB pdf
Self-Assessment Form - Bench Grinder and Portable Grinder

Self-Assessment Form - Bench Grinder and Portable Grinder

This self-assessment form was developed as a result of a study on occupational health and safety for small companies in the metal processing industry. Researchers determined that companies with limited resources and time most need these simple tools for rapid intervention on real issues. 

The. zip file you will download contains two files; a user's guide and the self-assessment form.
379 KB pdf
Self-Assessment Form - Drill Press

Self-Assessment Form - Drill Press

This self-assessment form was developed as a result of a study on occupational health and safety for small companies in the metal processing industry. Researchers determined that companies with limited resources and time most need these simple tools for rapid intervention on real issues. 

The. zip file you will download contains two files; a user's guide and the self-assessment form.
402 KB pdf
Self-Assessment Form - Punch Press

Self-Assessment Form - Punch Press

This self-assessment form was developed as a result of a study on occupational health and safety for small companies in the metal processing industry. Researchers determined that companies with limited resources and time most need these simple tools for rapid intervention on real issues. 

The. zip file you will download contains two files; a user's guide and the self-assessment form.
1501 KB pdf
Self-Assessment Form - Roll Bender (Forming Machine)

Self-Assessment Form - Roll Bender (Forming Machine)

This self-assessment form was developed as a result of a study on occupational health and safety for small companies in the metal processing industry. Researchers determined that companies with limited resources and time most need these simple tools for rapid intervention on real issues. 

The. zip file you will download contains two files; a user's guide and the self-assessment form.
395 KB pdf
Self-Assessment Form - Shearing Machine

Self-Assessment Form - Shearing Machine

This self-assessment form was developed as a result of a study on occupational health and safety for small companies in the metal processing industry. Researchers determined that companies with limited resources and time most need these simple tools for rapid intervention on real issues. 

The. zip file you will download contains two files; a user's guide and the self-assessment form.
1333 KB pdf
Self-Assessment Form - Standard Lathe

Self-Assessment Form - Standard Lathe

This self-assessment form was developed as a result of a study on occupational health and safety for small companies in the metal processing industry. Researchers determined that companies with limited resources and time most need these simple tools for rapid intervention on real issues. 

The. zip file you will download contains two files; a user's guide and the self-assessment form.
631 KB pdf
Self-Assessment Form - Standard Milling Machine

Self-Assessment Form - Standard Milling Machine

This self-assessment form was developed as a result of a study on occupational health and safety for small companies in the metal processing industry. Researchers determined that companies with limited resources and time most need these simple tools for rapid intervention on real issues. 

The. zip file you will download contains two files; a user's guide and the self-assessment form.
396 KB pdf

Consulting Services

Consulting Services Awareness Sessions

Consulting Services Awareness Sessions

Awareness sessions are presentations of up to 2 hours in length delivered at your workplace by WSPS consultants. They are designed to help meet your legal duty to provide information about workplace hazards to employees.


Ergonomics Consulting Services

Ergonomics Consulting Services

WSPS can assist you with implementing an ergonomics program. We also offer ergonomics training, consulting and assessments. Our ergonomic specialists work with you and your staff to identify the most effective ways to improve your employees' work environments and implement ergonomic solutions.

General Consulting Services

General Consulting Services

Integrating health and safety into your workplace is good business.  WSPS’ consultants employ a results-based approach to health, safety and environment, focused on building self-reliance,  and enabling your organization to implement, manage and continually improve your health and safety programs.

Machine & Robot Safety

Machine & Robot Safety

WSPS offers a broad array of specialized machine safety expertise and solutions to support customers in their prevention efforts. This includes: consulting, training, events and information. Our lead technical specialists have first- hand knowledge of national and international industrial robotics standard by virtue of our active participation on the CSA and ISO technical committees that reviewed and revised the standard.

Occupational Hygiene

Occupational Hygiene

 WSPS can provide occupational hygiene services including airborne chemical, physical and biological agent exposure assessments, and indoor air quality exposure assessments. The credentials of our occupational hygienists include Certified Industrial Hygienist (CIH), recognized worldwide, Registered Occupational Hygienist (ROH), the Canada-wide designation in occupational hygiene, and Professional Engineer (P.Eng).

Warehouse Safety

Warehouse Safety

WSPS offers a variety of solutions to help managers, supervisors and other workplace parties get up-to-speed on what they need to know and do to achieve a safe, healthy and productive warehouse operation.

WSPS Safety Group

WSPS Safety Group

WSPS is the largest Safety Group provider and one of the longest running sponsors in the province. With our extensive experience and proven track record, by working with us and other member firms participating firms can achieve better results, and qualify for WSIB rebates.

Training

Lockout /Tagout Safety Essentials (1/2 day)

Lockout /Tagout Safety Essentials (1/2 day)

This is a half-day (3.5 hours) instructor-led course which provides an overview of basic lockout/tagout concepts.
View Details 
$149.00

Managing Hazards (1/2 day)

Managing Hazards (1/2 day)

This is a 1/2 day hazard management training course.
View Details 
$149.00

Managing Machine Safety (1/2 day)

Managing Machine Safety (1/2 day)

NEW! Covers the key principles of machine safeguarding and helps participants recognize, assess and control risks.

View Details 
$199.00

Managing Robot Safety (1/2 day)

Managing Robot Safety (1/2 day)

NEW! Covers the key principles of industrial robot and robot systems safety and helps participants recognize, assess and control risks.

View Details 
$199.00

E-Courses

Lockout (English) (1 hour)

Lockout (English) (1 hour)

Lockout is used during operations such as maintenance, repair, cleaning and replacement of machinery, during which normal control measures may not be working, and new hazards may occur.
View Details 
$49.00

Lockout (French) (1 hour)

Lockout (French) (1 hour)

Lockout is used during operations such as maintenance, repair, cleaning and replacement of machinery, during which normal control measures may not be working, and new hazards may occur.
View Details 
$49.00

Webinars

Are You Ready for the MOL Machine Guarding Blitz

Are You Ready for the MOL Machine Guarding Blitz

Employees work with machines, tools and equipment every day. Workplaces couldn't operate without them; however, interacting with them has potential for serious injuries or fatalities if they are not used and maintained properly.
View Details 
$0.00

Are You Ready for the MOL Manufacturing Blitz?

Are You Ready for the MOL Manufacturing Blitz?

This webinar will be of interest to all firms in the industrial sector, that have key hazards associated with manufacturing processes, including guarding and lockout, workplace violence, MSDs, occupational disease (noise and chemical exposure), as well as those that are looking to strengthen their internal responsibility system.
View Details 
$0.00

Self-paced Training

Lockout / Tagout: Self-Study Training Program - Additional Print Package

Lockout / Tagout: Self-Study Training Program - Additional Print Package

Additional print package for the Lockout / Tagout: Self-Study Training Program.
View Details 
$38.75

Lockout/Tagout: Self-Study Training Program

Lockout/Tagout: Self-Study Training Program

Prevent costly injuries, and other losses caused by exposure to uncontrolled energy sources
View Details 
$217.00

Articles

New! Revitalized machine safeguarding standard

New! Revitalized machine safeguarding standard

A lot has changed in the last 12 years when it comes to machine safety: technology, hazard combinations, solutions, and even the scope of health and safety. These changes have prompted a comprehensive updating of CSA's 2004 (R2014) machine safeguarding standard.

Jan 17, 2017
4 ways to get to know your safeguarding options (video)

4 ways to get to know your safeguarding options (video)

You're purchasing a new piece of equipment or upgrading an existing one, and need to know the best safeguarding options. Will a fixed guard do the trick? Or do you need a more advanced solution, such as a perimeter guard and/or light curtain?

Nov 04, 2016
Purchasing a robot system? Ask your integrator these 5 essential safety questions

Purchasing a robot system? Ask your integrator these 5 essential safety questions

Introducing a new robot system is a heady moment for any workplace. These sophisticated systems can revolutionize your production process, setting new standards for consistency, precision, and quality.

Nov 04, 2016
Machine safety for small business: assess your safeguarding in 4 easy steps

Machine safety for small business: assess your safeguarding in 4 easy steps

It's just 2.5 minutes in length, but WSPS' video Assess Your Safeguarding in Four Easy Steps provides crucial information on how to keep your employees safe from machine hazards.
Oct 06, 2016
Collaborative robots - 5 ways to help ensure safe operations

Collaborative robots - 5 ways to help ensure safe operations

Collaborative robots are poised to take off in the next few years, says WSPS consultant Robert Vomiero. With built-in safety limits, sensors, and other safety functionality, "cobots" offer exciting benefits: they're able to work more closely with humans, can be cheaper and easier to integrate and maintain, and promise better cycle time and productivity. But this doesn't mean organizations anxious to embrace the new technology can rest easy when it comes to health and safety. Crushing and impact hazards remain, requiring special safety measures and a greater emphasis on certain aspects of your health and safety program.

Sep 08, 2016
7 ways to jump-start your machine safety inspections

7 ways to jump-start your machine safety inspections

When WSPS machine safety specialist Michael Wilson visits workplaces, he often comes across joint health and safety committee members reviewing machine guarding as part of their regular inspections. "That's a good thing," says Wilson, "but what's common can quickly become routine." This is one reason why, despite workplaces' best intentions, contact with machinery remains a top hazard in Ontario workplaces.

May 05, 2016
Machine safeguarding: understand your risks

Machine safeguarding: understand your risks

"Company Fined… $50,000 After Worker Injured By Machine… $60,000 After Worker Loses Fingers… $110,000 in Death of Electrocuted Worker" - these recent headlines all tell similar stories of preventable safeguarding injuries. We can stop these headlines, says WSPS machine safety specialist Michael Wilson. It's all about being proactive, and that starts with understanding the risks.
Mar 03, 2016
Preventing robot system injuries: 6 pointers from a WSPS expert

Preventing robot system injuries: 6 pointers from a WSPS expert

In July 1984, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published an article, likely the first of its kind, entitled "Preventing the Injury of Workers by Robots." In September 2014, the Boston Consulting Group projected the rise of robot systems to be a US$67 billion market by 2025. The rate of adoption is faster than anticipated. Workplaces, take note.

Aug 06, 2015
Fall machine guarding blitz: 7 tips to help you manage hazards

Fall machine guarding blitz: 7 tips to help you manage hazards

From November 3 to December 14, the Ministry of Labour's Health and Safety Blitz initiative will focus on machine safety in the workplace. "Inspectors will probably apply a straight-forward approach to machine safety," says WSPS machine safety specialist Michael Wilson. "Are there guards in place? Are they, in fact, restricting access to hazardous motion? Are they being properly maintained?"

Sep 05, 2014